zondag 24 juni 2012

Ernesto Djédjé (1948–1983)

Ernest Djédjé Blé Loué was born in 1947 in Bété country Ivory Coast in the village Tahiraguhé near the town  Daloa.  Djédjé's father was a Senegalese Wolof man, but his mother came from the Bété people who surrounded him in his village near Daloa.
Together with his friend Mamadou Kante, Ernesto Djedje founded in 1963 his first band called 'The Antelopes'. The band gave concerts in Dalao and throughout the western Ivory Coast. In 1965 Amédée Pierre recognized  the talent of Mamadou and Ernesto and recruited the two teenagers in his band 'Ivoiro Star', the leading  Dopé band of the time. Mamadou became  bass player and Ernesto guitarist. From 1965 to 1968 Ernesto Djedje was also the conductor of the Ivoiro Star Band.

Paris  (1968-1973)

In 1968 he decides to emigrate to France to study Computer Science. He became one of the few immigrants in France in the 1960's. In France, he met several  African music celebrities such as Manu Dibango, Anouma Brou Felix and Francis Lougah. With their cooperation, including that of Manu Dibango, he recorded his first record entitled   Anowa in 1973. It was a 45 rpm single, strongly influenced by  American  Soul and Rhythm and Blues.  Another  45 rpm single, Gniah-Pagnou followed the same year. In 1971 he released two more 45 rpm singles 'N'wawuile' and 'Lourognon gbla' with l'Orchestre Reeba.  After this four records released on  the Philps record label, he records two more 45 rpm singles in 1973, 'Mahoro' and 'Zokou  gbeuly'  on the  Fiesta record label. Shortly after he decides to return to Ivory Coast.

A period of musical research  1973 - 1976

Back in Ivory Coast Ernest begins his efforts to modernize the Ivorian music. He wants to revolutionize the Ivorian music by mixing elements of Western Disco, Funk, Cuban Rumba and Central African pop music like Makossa with tradional Ivorian music. When traveling to Nigeria, he discovers the Afrobeat of Fela Anikulapo Kuti music from traditional Yoruba rhythms, strongly influenced by funk, jazz and highlife. A musical style that sticks to his desires. It finally feels capable of combining dance and Disco Bete combined with lyrical songs "Tohourou" Rhythm and Blues and on its own guitar solos with local impact base in Ivory Coast. In this period he realeased Aguissè on  the record label of Gbadamassi Raimi, says Badmos. The result of his experiments he calls "Ziglibithy ', the music which soon will bring him fame in  Ivory Coast and later throughout West Africa.

The National Gnoantré 1977 - 1983

During  1977 he spent six months in Lagos, Nigeria to record his first LP Ziboté in cooperation  with Gbadamassi Raimi says Badmos, founder of Badmos Store and the Maikano Record label.  The album became an instant hit in Ivory Coast and the rest of West Africa. Ernesto Djedjé was voted  'best musician of the year' and his band which consisted of Diabo Steck,  Bamba Yang, Lén Sina, Eugène Gba, Yodé, Tagus, Assalé Best and Abu Youbla, became famous by their exciting stage performances.

With his second record  Ziglibitihiens, which came out in  1978, Ernest Djedjé reached the top of his fame. He is described as ' Gnoantré national', the man with whom a nation fight, because 'Gnoantré' means struggle, fight in the Béte language. Filosophy Professor Yacouba Konaté said the following about Ernesto Djedje and his Ziglibithy music: Better than any theory of authenticity, better than any speech advocating a return to sources, ziglibithy gives meaning and shape to the will of Africans who want to feed on the sap of their roots. It is an action, a recreation that a new aesthetic based on the cultural and historical base of Ivorian society ". He becomes the icon of a generation in search of a new identity, modernizing culture of Western influence while tapping into Ivorian Culture.

♫ Clip live Ziboté
♫ Clip live Ziglibithiens
♫ Audio Golozo

Ziglibithiens is followed by the albums Golozo ( 1979), Azonadé in (1980)  and Zouzoupalé (1981).  and Tizéré (1982). The artist finished his career with the album Tizeré including a song in tribute to the politician Konan Bedie in 1982 and another, dedicated to President Felix Houphouet-Boigny Houphouët-Boigny called Zeguehi. At that time Ernesto Djedje - close to the single ruling party, the PDCI-RDA - was the "darling" of President Felix Houphouet-Boigny and Bédié. No conference or reception of presidential importance was organized without a performance of "national Gnoantré". He was often invited to perform with the orchestra of the Ivorian Radio and Television. He then made the heyday of Radio Côte d'Ivoire, including after his sudden death in June 1983 in Yamoussoukro.
Death: mysterious disappearance
Ernesto Djedje died suddenly June 9, 1983 at the military hospital in Yamoussoukro at the age of 35 years. His death constituted a shock to the Ivorian nation. Officially, the artist died subsequent to poisoning after his return travel from Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso during a meal at Yamoussoukro. To date, no survey result is available. Several assumptions and rumors circulated about his death, rumors by the press obligingly ivoirienne On July 30, 1983 his body was displayed at the Stade de Tahiraguhé. His funeral will take several days with the delivery of several artists including  Alpha Blondy.


1970 Philips

1970 Philips
1971 Philips
1971 Philips
1973 Fiesta
1973 Fiesta
1975 Badmos
1977 Badmos

1978 Badmos
1979 SIIS
1980 Badmos
1981 SIIS

1982 Shakara Music

1983 SED

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